Gallup International’s 41 Annual Global End of Year Survey: Russian Interference

The World’s first (launched in 1977) and leading Global Public Opinion Barometer, covering this year in a representative way about 2/3 of the global population, done in partnership with WIN, shows:

Four out of ten respondents globally evaluate the Russian military role in the conflict in Syria as ‘positive’. Slightly fewer (less than 1/3 of all interviewed) view their role as ‘negative’.

Another largely discussed topic – the speculations about potential Russian interference in last USA Presidential elections, split the world’s public opinion into three: 37% around the globe believe it is possible that Russia influenced the elections outcome, 33% share the opposite opinion and the rest 30% do not have particular view on that topic.

The question about Russian role in Syrian conflict splits the Old continent – predominantly negative attitudes among the West EU countries and right the opposite position of East EU members and those countries that are not part of the European Union.

Discontented with Russian actions are the USA and Latin America, while Middle East, East and West Asia, India and Russia itself share an opinion that Russian actions in Syria have a positive effect.

The highest share of believers that Russia played certain role in US elections is registered around Western European countries and USA. The opponents of such theory are respondents in Latin America, Asia, Eastern Europe and Middle East.

Johnny Heald, Vice President Gallup International Association (GIA):

Russia has played a critical role in the Syrian conflict and this has divided public opinion. A plurality would support their role in helping to defeat ISIS in northern Syria but clearly others either do not like their support for Bashar al Assad or more probably do not support any foreign international airstrikes. Meanwhile the media circus on Russian involvement in the 2016 US Presidential election carries on and any involvement divides global opinion. A plurality (37%) believe they could have influenced the outcome of the election but 33% disagree and 30% simply don’t know. I suspect this story will continue to run and run.

Andrey Milekhin, Vice President Gallup International Association (GIA):

«In the past decade we witnessed several different scenarios for problem resolving in world’s hotspots – Afghanistan, Libya, Iraq. In majority cases solving of one issue served as a trigger for burst of multiple new conflicts.

Syrian problem is an example of complicated two-coalitions attempt to stop the civil war, and this is an effect of multipolar world continuous growth. Indicative in the survey are the attitudes of Syria neighboring countries which distinctively evaluate the Russian role in the conflict as positive.

The scandal with the alleged Russian interference in the US Presidential elections managed to catch the attention of majority of people around the globe. In cases when the respondents do not have some personal experience or deeper interest in the matter, their opinion is seriously affected by the mass media propaganda.

Analysis of results country by country provide quite interesting illustration of where the dominance of English-speaking media is definitive and where some plurality of media content and alternative point of view is available across media».

ROLE OF RUSSIA IN SYRIAN CONFLICT

Thinking about the ongoing conflict in Syria, do you think Russia is having a very positive, somewhat positive, somewhat negative or very negative influence in the fight against ISIS?

  • Positive: 41%
  • Negative: 30%
  • DK/No response: 29%

1 Russia Syria

TOP 10 “POSITIVE” TOP 10 “NEGATIVE”
Country % “Positive” Country % “Negative”
ALBANIA 80% REPUBLIC OF KOREA 53%
RUSSIA 73% IRELAND 48%
VIETNAM 67% B&H, GERMANY 47%
IRAN 63% MEXICO, TURKEY 46%
ARMENIA, KAZAKHSTAN, SERBIA 62% COLOMBIA, POLAND 45%
PHILIPPINES 60% UK, UKRAINE 44%
GHANA 57% USA 42%
AFGHANISTAN, IRAQ 56% AZERBAIJAN, SLOVENIA 41%
CROATIA 52% CZECH REPUBLIC 40%
GREECE, INDONESIA 51% BRAZIL, HONG KONG 38%

 

*Rounding of Decimals: There may be a slight difference of 1 in some instances. Exact figures are available elsewhere. There is also a slight possibility that the figures vary up to maximum of 1 in different versions of press releases.

ROLE OF RUSSIA IN SYRIAN CONFLICT

Thinking about the ongoing conflict in Syria, do you think Russia is having a very positive, somewhat positive, somewhat negative or very negative influence in the fight against ISIS?

1 2

*Rounding of Decimals: There may be a slight difference of 1 in some instances. Exact figures are available elsewhere. There is also a slight possibility that the figures vary up to maximum of 1 in different versions of press release.

ROLE OF RUSSIA IN SYRIAN CONFLICT

Thinking about the ongoing conflict in Syria, do you think Russia is having a very positive, somewhat positive, somewhat negative or very negative influence in the fight against ISIS?

Country Positive Negative DK/NA
AFGHANISTAN 56% 29% 15%
ALBANIA 80% 13% 7%
ARMENIA 62% 17% 20%
AUSTRIA 41% 28% 31%
AZERBAIJAN 9% 41% 50%
BANGLADESH 39% 23% 38%
BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA 34% 47% 19%
BRAZIL 33% 38% 29%
BULGARIA 37% 19% 44%
CROATIA 52% 17% 31%
COLOMBIA 34% 45% 20%
CZECH REPUBLIC 31% 40% 29%
ECUADOR 27% 36% 37%
ETHIOPIA 37% 32% 31%
FRANCE 29% 37% 34%
GERMANY 27% 47% 26%
GHANA 57% 11% 33%
GREECE 51% 30% 19%
HONG KONG 39% 38% 22%
INDIA 47% 5% 48%
INDONESIA 51% 14% 36%
IRAN 63% 11% 26%
IRAQ 56% 34% 9%
IRELAND 25% 48% 28%
ITALY 37% 34% 29%
IVORY COAST 41% 26% 34%
JAPAN 6% 35% 59%
Country Positive Negative DK/NA
KAZAKHSTAN 62% 8% 30%
KOSOVO 18% 26% 56%
LATVIA 42% 33% 25%
MACEDONIA 41% 30% 29%
MEXICO 39% 46% 15%
MOLDOVA 47% 31% 23%
NETHERLANDS 28% 35% 37%
NIGERIA 43% 22% 35%
PAKISTAN 49% 33% 18%
PERU 32% 27% 40%
PHILIPPINES 60% 25% 15%
POLAND 19% 45% 36%
REPUBLIC OF KOREA 31% 53% 17%
ROMANIA 41% 34% 25%
RUSSIA 73% 11% 16%
SERBIA 62% 14% 24%
SLOVENIA 36% 41% 23%
SOUTH AFRICA 31% 29% 40%
SPAIN 34% 36% 30%
SWEDEN 42% 29% 29%
THAILAND 32% 15% 54%
TURKEY 44% 46% 10%
UK 24% 44% 31%
UKRAINE 35% 44% 21%
USA 19% 42% 39%
VIETNAM 67% 12% 21%

 

*Rounding of Decimals: There may be a slight difference of 1 in some instances. Exact figures are available elsewhere. There is also a slight possibility that the figures vary up to maximum of 1 in different versions of press releases.

RUSSIAN INFLUENCE IN LAST U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS

Do you agree or disagree that Russians influenced the outcome of the last U.S. Presidential elections?

2-russia

TOP 10 “AGREE” TOP 10 “DISAGREE”
Country % “Agree” Country % “Disagree”
ALBANIA 72% RUSSIA 63%
IRELAND 57% COLOMBIA, KAZAKHSTAN 57%
REPUBLIC OF KOREA 53% MOLDOVA 52%
GERMANY, GHANA 51% SERBIA 49%
NETHERLANDS, SPAIN 50% IRAQ, ROMANIA 48%
UK 49% GREECE, PHILIPPINES 47%
USA 48% MEXICO 46%
AUSTRIA, FRANCE 47% CZECH REPUBLIC 45%
SWEDEN, AFGHANISTAN 46% LATVIA, TURKEY, B&H 44%
MEXICO 45% IVORY COAST, PAKISTAN 43%

 

*Rounding of Decimals: There may be a slight difference of 1 in some instances. Exact figures are available elsewhere. There is also a slight possibility that the figures vary up to maximum of 1 in different versions of press releases.

RUSSIAN INFLUENCE IN LAST U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS

Do you agree or disagree that Russians influenced the outcome of the last U.S. Presidential elections?

2 2

*Rounding of Decimals: There may be a slight difference of 1 in some instances. Exact figures are available elsewhere. There is also a slight possibility that the figures vary up to maximum of 1 in different versions of press releases.

RUSSIAN INFLUENCE IN LAST U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS

Do you agree or disagree that Russians influenced the outcome of the last U.S. Presidential elections?

Country Agree Disagree DK/NA
AFGHANISTAN 46% 33% 21%
ALBANIA 72% 19% 9%
ARGENTINA 22% 27% 51%
ARMENIA 32% 40% 27%
AUSTRIA 47% 21% 31%
BANGLADESH 38% 32% 30%
BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA 41% 44% 15%
BRAZIL 41% 36% 22%
BULGARIA 16% 37% 47%
CROATIA 34% 30% 36%
COLOMBIA 32% 57% 12%
CZECH REPUBLIC 26% 45% 30%
ECUADOR 19% 35% 46%
ETHIOPIA 44% 24% 32%
FRANCE 47% 19% 34%
GERMANY 51% 19% 30%
GHANA 51% 15% 34%
GREECE 35% 47% 18%
HONG KONG 42% 28% 30%
INDIA 22% 24% 54%
INDONESIA 38% 20% 42%
IRAN 28% 35% 37%
IRAQ 38% 48% 14%
IRELAND 57% 17% 26%
ITALY 28% 35% 37%
IVORY COAST 25% 43% 32%
JAPAN 35% 10% 54%
Country Agree Disagree DK/NA
KAZAKHSTAN 19% 57% 24%
KOSOVO 31% 15% 54%
LATVIA 35% 44% 22%
MACEDONIA 34% 36% 31%
MEXICO 45% 46% 8%
MOLDOVA 28% 52% 20%
NETHERLANDS 50% 11% 38%
NIGERIA 40% 34% 26%
PAKISTAN 24% 43% 33%
PERU 18% 35% 47%
PHILIPPINES 32% 47% 22%
POLAND 21% 36% 43%
REPUBLIC OF KOREA 53% 29% 19%
ROMANIA 34% 48% 17%
RUSSIA 15% 63% 22%
SERBIA 28% 49% 22%
SLOVENIA 31% 28% 40%
SOUTH AFRICA 41% 20% 39%
SPAIN 50% 20% 31%
SWEDEN 46% 17% 37%
THAILAND 23% 26% 52%
TURKEY 42% 44% 14%
UK 49% 17% 34%
UKRAINE 37% 40% 22%
USA 48% 31% 21%
VIETNAM 40% 37% 23%

 

*Rounding of Decimals: There may be a slight difference of 1 in some instances. Exact figures are available elsewhere. There is also a slight possibility that the figures vary up to maximum of 1 in different versions of press releases.


Methodology:

The Gallup International End of Year Survey (EoY) is an annual tradition initiated by and designed under the chairmanship of Dr. George Gallup in 1977. It is conducted every year since then. This year it was carried out by the Gallup International Association in partnership with WIN in 56 countries* around the world.

Regions coverage:

  • EU Total – combines EU West and EU East
  • EU West – Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland. Italy, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, UK
  • EU East – Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Croatia
  • Non-EU Europe – Albania, Armenia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova, Serbia, Ukraine
  • Latin America – Argentina, Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru
  • East Asia – Bangladesh, Fiji, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Thailand, Vietnam
  • West Asia – Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Turkey
  • Middle East – Iraq
  • Africa – Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, South Africa

USA, India and Russia are not included in any other regional category

Sample Size and Mode of Field Work:

A total of 54,569 persons were interviewed globally. In each country a representative sample of around 1000 men and women was interviewed either face to face (23 countries; n=24235), via telephone (13 countries; n=12456) or online (19 countries; n=17878). The field work was conducted during October 2017 – December 2017. The margin of error for the survey is between +3-5% at 95% confidence level.

About Gallup International

Gallup International Association (GIA)is the leading association in market research and polling and this year celebrates its 71th anniversary.

For 70 years Gallup International Members have demonstrated their expert ability to conduct multi-country surveys on a comparable basis and deliver the highest quality. Their Members are leading national institutes with a profound local knowledge of research methods and techniques, statistical sources, customs and culture differences of its own country and carefully selected by the Association Board. With only one Member agency per country, Members work together on a daily basis to share knowledge, new research techniques and tools, as well as to provide the most appropriate solutions to international research projects and service our clients to the best of our abilities.

For more information:

Kancho Stoychev (in Sofia), +359 88 8611025

Andrei Milekhin (in Moscow), +7 495 9886081

Johnny Heald (in London), +44 7973 600308

For further details see website: www.gallup-international.com

*NB: Considering socio -political or cultural factors several countries skipped some EoY Survey questions/options.

Disclaimer:

Gallup International Association or its members are not related to Gallup Inc., headquartered in Washington D.C which is no longer a member of Gallup International Association.

Gallup International Association does not accept responsibility for opinion polling other than its own. We require that our surveys be credited fully as Gallup International (not Gallup or Gallup Poll). For further details see: http://www.gallup-international.com/.